Zuckerberg apologises for #Facebook #Cambridge Analytica scandal in written testimony

Before his much-anticipated appearance on Capitol Hill this week, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has provided written testimony to Congress in which he apologises for failing to prevent the collection of tens of millions of users’ personal data by a data analytics company. Zuckerberg is scheduled to appear before a joint US congressional hearing after admitting that up to 87 million users may have had their data improperly utilised by Cambridge Analytica to build election voter profiles. The data-mining scandal is exacerbated by the vast amounts of money Facebook is making from its billions of users around the world. The public … Continue reading Zuckerberg apologises for #Facebook #Cambridge Analytica scandal in written testimony

How #Facebook was weaponised by #CambridgeAnalytica – an annotated infographic

How Facebook was weaponised The surveillance scandal of Cambridge Analytica use of Facebook data to help the Donald Trump campaign win in the 2016 election began three years earlier with a scientific paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The study by Michal Kosinski of Stanford, David Stillwell of the University of Cambridge and colleagues involved 58,466 adult American users of Facebook. Subjects provided information about themselves and took a standard test to classify their personalities in five broad categories: degree of openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness and neuroticism or OCEAN. The researchers then correlated the “big … Continue reading How #Facebook was weaponised by #CambridgeAnalytica – an annotated infographic

US aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson to make historic Vietnam visit – an annotated infographic

The nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson will reportedly make a historic visit to Vietnam as part of the Navy’s largest multinational disaster response exercises in the Indo-Pacific region. Click on the graphic for an expanded view. Continue reading US aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson to make historic Vietnam visit – an annotated infographic

India’s tricky mission to Moon’s south pole with the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft- an annotated infographic

On the first day of next month, 1 April 2018, India’s Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft will attempt to land a briefcase-sized rover onto the Moon’s surface, 600km from the lunar south pole, while an orbiter above searches for water – vital to future manned missions. This is no joke (India has no concept of April Fools’ Day). India’s Moon ambitions are very real, completely serious and technologically advanced. Click on the graphic for an expanded view. Continue reading India’s tricky mission to Moon’s south pole with the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft- an annotated infographic

Prehistoric cave art in Spain suggests Neanderthals were artists – an annotated infographic

Scientists have found the first major evidence that Neanderthals, rather than modern humans, created the world’s oldest known cave paintings – suggesting they may have had an artistic sense similar to our own. Published in the journal Science, a new study led by the University of Southampton and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology shows that paintings in three caves in Spain were created more than 64,000 years ago – 20,000 years before modern humans arrived in Europe. This means that the Palaeolithic (Ice Age) cave art – including pictures of animals, dots and geometric signs – must have … Continue reading Prehistoric cave art in Spain suggests Neanderthals were artists – an annotated infographic

Discovery of DNA double helix – 65th anniversary of Crick and Watson’s landmark work – an annotated infographic

The 65th anniversary of the publication of the structure of DNA by James D. Watson, Francis H.C. Crick, Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins takes place as scientists debate the ethics of new gene editing techniques. It was Saturday lunchtime on February 28, 1953, when two Cambridge University scientists pushed open the doors of The Eagle, a favourite pub for researchers at the nearby Cavendish laboratory. The duo, 25-year-old American bacteriologist and birdwatcher James Watson and Francis Crick, a 37-year-old British physicist, announced that they had unravelled the double helix structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA, saying: “We have discovered the secret … Continue reading Discovery of DNA double helix – 65th anniversary of Crick and Watson’s landmark work – an annotated infographic

New generation of plant breeding – GMO crops in the dock – an annotated infographic

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) – the highest court within the European Union – is to rule on whether crops developed using so-called “New Breeding Techniques” like CRISPR/Cas are the same as those achieved through traditional plant breeding. The ECJ decision, expected in the coming weeks, follows a request by the French Council of State, on behalf of the Confédération Paysanne, for a legal ruling over whether organisms obtained by “mutagenesis” are exempt from the EU’s Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Directive. In 2001, the EU directive defined genetic modification as inserting DNA of one organism into another but opened … Continue reading New generation of plant breeding – GMO crops in the dock – an annotated infographic